Due to the lack of water resources and Iran’s location in a hot and dry geographical area, the tendency to produce agricultural products with the least water needs is one of the most important measures for wealth creation in the agricultural sector. Saffron is a medicinal and aromatic plant that has long been specific to the Iranian ecosystem, and more than 90% of global production of this product in Iran. Factors such as time-consumption in hand harvesting, flowers being fell and destroyed, high labor costs and labor fatigue, and monotony of harvesting are among the issues of the traditional harvesting method and limit the expansion of cultivation and eventually exports abroad. Due to the lack of labor for harvesting time and late harvest, nearly one-third of the product is wasted. Besides, workers’ wages in flower picking and stigma removal take more than one-fifth of the cost of one kilogram of saffron.
Ramis’s team designed a semi-mechanized device to help harvest saffron according to the requirements of the market and the level of farmers income. This device is a moving chassis that is powered by electricity and is environmentally friendly and rechargeable. By sitting or lying on this machine, the farmer will be able to control the navigation of the machine along the field and will be able to harvest the crop with minimal damage to the body. The platform of this machine is used in an all-intelligent and mechanized saffron harvesting robot.
4.Camera for picturing rows to navigate the robot
5.Harvested stigma collection tank and suction system for transporting stigmas
7.Robot body and structure