We have designed an insect-hunting robot that can be used to attract and hunt different types of insects in agricultural farms without using a drop of chemicals.
This product is a slim wheeled mobile robot that attracts, traps, and hunts the insects in the farms. Certain frequencies of light will be used to attract insects to a specific region and hunt them. The robot can move at an adjustable pace from one stopping station to another. The position of stations will be determined according to the farm area, type of insects, and the overlapping of frequency board domains. Depending on the area covered by wave emitters, the distance between neighboring stations may change. In fields like wheat farms where pests have been there since last fall and are distributed unevenly, the path of the robot movement will be in the form of a W. Each robot at each station stops for a specific and adjustable time to attract insect pests and traps them in its trap box. The trapped insects will later be hunted with an electromagnetic wave emission. The optimized fatal frequency will be different for each pest insect and it is adjustable in our system. Depending on the pest density and the shape of the land, the speed of the robot, the range of performance, and the number of stations for each crop can vary automatically. The robot is able to cover on average 17 hectares of a farm ten times in the 4-months period of harvesting.
This insect-hunter robot consists of the following components:
The robot uses a laser signal (known as LIDAR – Light Detection and Ranging system) and also a sensory-based map of the surrounding environment (known as SLAM – Simultaneous Localization and Mapping system) to navigate through the farm. Based on the map of each farm and the pre-programmed algorithms, the system will choose a number of optimized points on the farm. The robot will navigate to that stopping points and stay for a pre-defined time in each position to attract insects.
The robot will use electromagnetic waves that attract the insects and guide them through a compartment that is designed in a way that only allows the insects entrance and traps them inside. The insects will later be destroyed. The range of emitting waves will be defined based on the effective frequency for each kind of insect. There will be some ready-to-run programs for the most common insects in different farms in the robot database, which can easily be chosen by the operator.
When insects are wave/light trapped, they will be exposed to electric current or electromagnetic waves radiation which is fatal for their particular family type. It is worth mentioning that emitted frequencies are chosen in a way that only affects the insects and leaves no sensible trace on the plants and crops.
The body is designed to enable smooth movement of the robot on the farm and protect the other robot’s components.
The main structure of our insect-hunting robot is the same for different insects, crops, and farm situations. We offer customized modifications on our base setup (specific killing frequency ranges, body size, motor power, etc.), considering each customer’s requirements. Therefore, the robot can be utilized for different farms, crops, and insects.
In the previous version, several UV light sources were used, which were surrounded by an ultra-power high voltage under a transparent canopy. The system was attracting insects, which were killed by colliding with a strong electrical current. Due to the high levels of energy consumption and the loss in battery power, the system improved wholly and two UV poles are located in the central and final traps in the new version. The insects are attracted to the light and enter the first chamber. In this chamber, funnel-shaped holes with larger entrance diameters from the outside are installed, and the insects enter it easily, then move to a cylindrical chamber, and are trapped. At intervals, the secondary tank valves slide open and close by a second low-weight motor, and when open, part of the trapped insects enter the final death space, where several different microwave frequencies are emitted to destroy them. After all of the trapped insects are killed, the cleanout hatch beneath opens and then, the valves are open for more insects to enter and this procedure is continuous. The canopy is used both as a protection for device and electronic components from the rain and the sun and as the upper door of chambers.
Using the robot enables farmers to save money as they do not need to use insecticides anymore and they will not lose a part of their crops as a result of insects’ attacks.
As we do not use even a drop of chemicals for hunting insects, using our product will: